What is an Airplane Light Sport Aircraft (LSA)?
AIRPLANE LIGHT-SPORT AIRCRAFTAn airplane light-sport aircraft, also known as light sport aircraft, or LSA, is a small fixed-wing aircraft that is simple to fly and that meets certain regulations, weight and performance limitations which are, in the US, set forth by the Federal Aviation Administration, or FAA. This can be any single-engine piston powered aircraft under 1,320 pounds maximum gross weight that meets the definition of a fixed-wing (traditional airplane) light-sport aircraft. The pilot may bring along one passenger. The maximum speed is 138 mph (120 knots) full power level flight, have fixed landing gear and a fixed propeller. A question many ask about training in a Light-Sport Aircraft is:
Can you learn and take a checkride for Sport AND Private Pilotin a Light Sport Aircraft (LSA)?
YesAll hours in a Light Sport Aircraft can be used for Sport Pilot, Private Pilot, instrument training, Commercial, and an Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) certificate. Pilots have been training for private and all pilot certificates in Light Sport Aircraft for over 50 years in the classic Piper Cub, Taylorcraft, etc. The modern Light Sport Aircraft is no different than the classic/vintage LSA.
DEFINITION OF LIGHT-SPORT AIRCRAFTThe exact definition by the FAA is: Light-sport aircraft means an aircraft, other than a helicopter or powered-lift that, since its original certification, has continued to meet the following:
- A maximum takeoff weight of not more than— (i) 1,320 pounds (600 kilograms) for aircraft not intended for operation on water; or (ii) 1,430 pounds (650 kilograms) for an aircraft intended for operation on water.
- A maximum airspeed in level flight with maximum continuous power (VH) of not more than 120 knots CAS under standard atmospheric conditions at sea level.
- A maximum never-exceed speed (VNE) of not more than 120 knots CAS for a glider.
- A maximum stalling speed or minimum steady flight speed without the use of lift-enhancing devices (VS1) of not more than 45 knots CAS at the aircraft’s maximum certificated takeoff weight and most critical center of gravity.
- A maximum seating capacity of no more than two persons, including the pilot.
- A single, reciprocating engine, if powered.
- A fixed or ground-adjustable propeller if a powered aircraft other than a powered glider.
- A fixed or auto feathering propeller system if a powered glider.
- A fixed-pitch, semi-rigid, teetering, two-blade rotor system, if a gyroplane.
- A non-pressurized cabin, if equipped with a cabin.
- Fixed landing gear, except for an aircraft intended for operation on water or a glider.
- Fixed or retractable landing gear, or a hull, for an aircraft intended for operation on water.
- Fixed or retractable landing gear for a glider.
AIRPLANE LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT TYPESThe three types to choose from are:
- Special Light-Sport Aircraft (S-LSA) FAA approved and industry certified
- Standard Category Aircraft That Meet LSA Category Criteria FAA certified (Classic and vintage such as a Piper Cub)
- Experimental Light-Sport Aircraft (E-LSA) Experimental LSA and amature built